Team Sanitation

Week 1
Week 2
Week 3
Week 4
Week 5
Week 6
Week 7
Week 8
IEC Campaigns
Toilet Design
Sustainability Plan
We will create a platform in which communities will have ready access to toilets and take ownership of their sanitation needs.

Team Name: Team Sanitation

Naga Trinadh Burra, India, NUS, bnt@u.nus.edu 

Philip Yin Lu, US, NUS, pyl2107@columbia.edu

Nay Lin Tun, Myanmar, NUS, naylin.tun@u.nus.edu


A short Bio

Burra Naga Trinadh hails from Visakhapatnam, India. He finished his undergraduate degree in Business Management from GITAM Management Studies and then completed post-graduation in Rural Management from IRMA, Gujarat. He has authored 2 books and writes guest columns for the Hindu Business Line. He has close to 8 years of work experience in the development sector (child protection, sanitation, skill training, migration, agriculture) and has worked in India, Indonesia, and Bangladesh with UNICEF, ILO, The Commonwealth, and others. He was awarded a Gold medal for the best All Rounder during his graduation. He was selected as one of the young leaders to the inaugural UNCTAD Youth Forum 2016 and also the World Bank Youth Summit in 2017. He is currently studying for a Master’s degree in Public Policy at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore.


Nay Lin Tun - Nay Lin Tun is a Master in Public Policy Candidate at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (LKYSPP), National University of Singapore. In LKYSPP, he is currently a President in Helping Hands Volunteers Group and Secretary in the Association for Public Affairs. As for his professional career, he is working as Intern in APLMA (Asia Pacific Leaders Malaria Alliance) and currently involving in developing Malaria policy paper for countries in Greater Mekong Region. He received his M.B,B.S from University of Medicine(2),Yangon and Dual Masters ( MBA & MPA ) from Aldersgate College, Philippines. He is interested in policy analysis and effective implementation of policies. 


Philip Lu - Philip Lu is a recent graduate of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (LKYSPP), National University of Singapore, and the School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), Columbia University, where he received a dual Master in Public Policy and Master of Public Administration degree. He has served as a Directorate Resource Assistant Fellow at the United States Department of the Interior where he created a monitoring and evaluation framework for urban conservation. He received his BA in Environmental Studies from Brandeis University as a Stoneman Scholar. 


Wednesday, July 4 2018
Thursday, July 12 2018
Thursday, July 12 2018
Thursday, July 12 2018
Thursday, July 12 2018
Thursday, July 12 2018

Literature Review on Toilet Design

Studying Crowd funding Models

Meeting with mentor from WHO

Seeking technical supports with Organization that are working for sanitation projects
(eg.Toilet Board Coalition, World Toilet Organization)

Literature review on best sanitation practices

Try Finding Material from WHO, UNICF etcon WASH

Thursday, July 12 2018
Thursday, July 12 2018
Thursday, July 12 2018
Tuesday, July 17 2018
Tuesday, July 17 2018
Tuesday, July 17 2018

General update

Team will focus in one school in Vizianagaram District, India instead of the 10 schools which were the initial target.

A) Fieldwork update
BNT is trying to get the permissions from the government officers in order to be able to work at the school

+ Vizianagaram District was declared "open defecation free state", use this!!
- Officers are not too committed to make this happen

There are toilets at the school, but non-functioning (locked) as the school doesn't have the resources to keep them working and clean.

1- Collect stories from people supporting the project in the area BNT
2- Collect data in presentation to show project impact & support from international organisations to gov officers BNT

B) Choosing a toilet design
During the call the team agreed in some criteria that the design must meet:

- Zero or minimum maintenance
- Low cost
- Two (boys/girls)
- Dry system (no water available in the area)

3- Select a design BNT/Nay/Philip
4- Document why this option and not other BNT/Nay/Philip

5- Document what this option will demand from the community (maintenance? frequency, costs?), during the whole life cycle (what do you do with waste?) BNT/Nay/Philip


C) Funding

Team will start a crowdfunding campaign.



6- Adjust budget to the chosen design Philip

7- Design the crowdfunding campaign: which will be the rewards in each case, how long will it be active, when are you launching it Philip

8- Prepare communication materials for campaign (from actions 1 & 2): short video, description, etc. BNT


D) Behavioural change - IEC campaign

The target group:


- All girls & women

- illiterate / low education

- agricultural labour

- language: Telugu (useful, e.g.: if you can't collaborate with money you can collaborate by translating)



9- Decide which concrete (and how many) materials you are going to use for the ICE campaign, adjust the budget Nay

10- Start designing ICE materials, get input from FemFriendly & At Your Cervix teams Nay

11- Contact WHO for materials Julieta



Main task now is assign activities to members of the team and start working on them. We'll re-check the actions at our next meeting.


Next meeting: Tuesday 24/07 2pm (Geneva time)

Wednesday, July 18 2018
Thursday, July 19 2018
Friday, August 17 2018

In searching a partnership, we found a student team from India. They successfully run a Project Raahat and it is a social initiative by Enactus SSCBS, under the aegis of AksharEmpowerment Trust. (projectraahat@gmail.com)

The mission of Raahatis to eradicate open defecation and provide safe sanitation in urban slum communities by Innovating in management of community toilet complexes, and Sensitizing people on good sanitary practices.

Friday, August 17 2018

We searched NGOs and organizations working in India via networks from Geneva.

Friday, August 17 2018

We brainstormed IEC things for behavior change approach. Mentor from WHO shared some poster samples but we can't use it because our project location is limited on water resource.Therefore, we have to develop waterless hand washing poster.

Friday, August 17 2018

In market, there are two types of hand sanitizers, 

●Alcohol based products ( such as foams, gels and mists) 

●Non-alcohol based products (water-based or biobasedproducts)


●First type is found in numerous public places, such as gyms, restrooms and stadiums. But , this type is not okay for our targets because in our literature search,, many school children have fallen ill because they consumed alcohol-based sanitizer right from the dispenser. In addition, these alcohols tend to be harsher on the skin causing the skin to dry out and crack, even develop rashes. People who use hand sanitizer frequently, are particularly prone to these problems.

●Therefore, we prefer to use a hand sanitizer made from natural plant oils. A patented process combines lemon grass oil with other plant oils to create an acidic mixture. While not harmful to humans. Not only it has a “devastating” effect on bacteria but also it is as effective as alcohol sanitizer, but they are safer.

Wednesday, August 22 2018

●Hand sanitizers kill 99.99 percent of germs on users hands. Regardless of the type of hand sanitizer, proper use of the product will ensure maximum effectiveness. Only about a dime-size amount of the solution is needed.

●Users should massage their cuticles into their hands, then rub the solution over their hands and palms. The entire process should last 10 to 15 seconds.

●Hand washing has been proven to be one of the best ways to prevent infection. Hand washing can be done with soap and water or the waterless hand washing product with an alcohol base. The goal of hand washing is to remove dirt and germs from the hands so urinary equipment is safer to use.

Wednesday, August 22 2018

Twin pit – Pour flush latrine

Slightly larger space may be needed to construct this toilet but the cost is still low. Having two pits is certainly an advantage as when the first pit gets filled up, the flow of excreta has to be diverted to the second pit. In this design, two leach pits are connected to one single pour-flush toilet. Twin-pit toilets have a high convenience – when emptying one pit, people use second pit. Estimated cost of 1 toilet: Rs. 7257

Wednesday, August 22 2018


Project Raahat, a social initiative by Enactus SSCBS, under the aegis of AksharEmpowerment Trust. (projectraahat@gmail.com)

The mission of Raahatis to eradicate open defecation and provide safe sanitation in urban slum communities by

Innovating in management of community toilet complexes, and 

Sensitizing people on good sanitary practices

Wednesday, August 22 2018

Survey Link: 




Wednesday, August 22 2018
Wednesday, August 22 2018
Wednesday, August 22 2018

Develop survey and share to partner.


Survey Link:


Thursday, August 23 2018