2018 INNOVATION PROJECT PROPOSAL
University of Geneva – Master in Innovation, Human Development and Sustainability
Team Members: Afroditi Anastasaki, Damla Demirgöz, Hussein Dib, Nina Quintas, Ye Seong Shin
Our innovation project aims at first to analyse the similarities among different communities/countries affected by mining activities. Our team aims to understand the causes and circumstances that triggered communities to work on extracting/mining activities, either legally or illegally. In that way, through mapping and case studies, we hope to find particular problems that are common among those different communities across the globe and that foster this kind of activity.
We plan to make interviews with different actors in Geneva that have an active role in those countries and obtain consistent information and data. By doing so, we hope to develop a model that could be implemented from the local to the global scale, which would help to understand better the different realities and develop consistent policies in the local and global scale.
We also aim to study the alternative activities to mining, that could promote
socioeconomic development, taking into account the local opportunities and
characteristics. Terre des Hommes, for example, developed an amazing work in the Peruvian amazon, having in mind the potential of cocoa plantation as an alternative to gold mining. Other alternative activities to mining can include Fab Lab, self-empowerment projects, people-initiatives etc., always fostering the local activities and taking into account their needs, expectations and potentials.
To finish, we also hope to facilitate the communication between those communities in the global level and promote international collaborations (e.g. fair trade), so that local communities can have better alternatives to mining.
During second week's working sessions, we did a serious brain storm and try to better understand what strategy we will use to compare different communities affected by mining.
We decided to have an approach based on the Drivers (the reasons that lead a community to work on mining) and the Impacts (the consequences that mining has on the community). By analyzing the Drivers and Impacts of different communities, we expect to find similarities on the reasons and consequences, which would justify then an integrated approach when thinking about sustainable solutions.
A second part of our project deals with communication channels among the communities, as a way to empower the locals and unify their efforts and transfer solutions easily. We though that linking and comparing two communities that are geographical close to each other would be much easier, having in account the language and cultural similarities. Still, we find big limitations when trying to locate communities that have some kind of alternative livelihoods' projects in the same country. For that week, we left the topic open to further research and analysis.
We met with Ruta Nimkar from Terre Des Hommes to learn more about mining industry and its effect on the society.
We received great ideas from Ruta. One of the ideas was focusing on the societies from same countries affected from mining activities.
After Tanya Petersen's presentation on Communication Strategy Planning, we came up with this to see our strategy in more clear way:
What are your objectives?
- Alternative livelihoods for people affected by extractive industries through community-based approaches and interconnections among them for their empowerment at global level.
- Create awareness on the situation of mining communities
What are your communications objectives?
-Rise awareness about the similarities on the drivers and impacts
-Explaining how this is going to beneficial for others. What should they care?
Telling locals that they are going to benefit at the end
- Different target audiences-objectives for communicating the project
Who do you need to communicate to? (who can get you what you want?)
- NGOs (Terre des Hommes, IOs in local communities)
- Individual consultants
- International Organizations
- Local communities
- Local academia (local schools and universities for cooperation)
What do you want/need them to do?
-Create a global network that can enable exchanges among communities affected by mining activities and the organizations that work on those communities.
-Adopting a set of alternative livelihoods through collaborations
Key messages (what do you need to say to them, what do they need to know and feel in order to them to do what you need them to?
-Since we do not have so much data on sand mining, this project will to a quick transition for alternative livelihoods or best practices
-To the local community: benefits of having alternative work opportunities (“you will still have a job with better conditions”)
-Transfer the message of “we care about your life, which is why we’re doing it to assist your wellbeing”
Channels (how are you going to reach them)
- Social media
- Networks of professors
- Local leaders on the communities
18th of October - 14th of December
Research Strategy on Case Studies
Find a community (location, demographics, income, important local actors)
There is an “organization” working in that community (Explain alternative livelihoods/best practices)
Drivers that lead the community to work on mining
Impacts that mining has on the community (environmental degradation, negative social impacts)
Potential/opportunities based on local characteristics (ex. handicrafts, agriculture, etc.)
Who are involved on the local mining (artisanal, industry, profiles of workers - age, academic background)
Research Strategy and Structure on Case Studies
1 - Find a community to case study
Information about demographic and socio economic factors.
This includes location, population, gender, education, income, employment, health, access to basic services, type of population (urban, semi-urban, rural), type of mining implemented in community (artisanal/industrial), etc.
2 - Regional and national context regarding mining activities
Ex: representation in regional/national income and/or GDP. Percentage of total population employed in mining activities, government position on the issue, etc.
3 - Drivers
Which are the main reasons that lead the community to work in mining?
Ex: poverty, unemployment, rapid population growth, lack of education, main source of income, etc.
4 - Impacts
Which are the impacts that mining activities have on the local community and environment? Social, environmental and economic externalities.
Ex: environmental degradation, labor precarization, organized crime, etc.
5 - Description of actors involved in mining activities
Who are they (national/international companies, governments, etc.)? Which is their role? Local community is involved in the mining activities? How much income do they earn? Which are the working conditions? Profile of workers?
6 - Information about projects being implemented in order to promote alternative livelihoods to local communities and/or best mining practices and/or stop mining activities
Which are the objectives of the project? Which are the actors involved in this projects? (NGOs, social organizations, governments, international organizations, civil society, etc) In what does the project consists? Which are the methods and/or actions undertaken for implementation? Which are the resources necessary for implementation?
7 - Opportunities
Which are the identified opportunities that made this project feasible to implement?
Ex: weather conditions are suitable for agriculture, mobilized society, presence of active NGOs in field, possible partnerships, tourism promotion, etc.
8 - Problems/Threatens/Restrictions
Could we identify any restrictions/problems and/or threaten for the implementation of solutions? Ex: political interference, coercion, lack of resources, lack of connectivity, lack of education in population, climate, etc.