Team1 Rivers to oceans
Every year, plastic kills 1 million seabirds, 100,000 mammals, and an immeasurable number of fish.
Large rivers are a particularly efficient way to transport plastic to the oceans, especially in countries with insufficient waste disposal infrastructure. Up to 95% of this plastic enters the oceans from just 10 big rivers.
The Russian Federation is one of the most water-rich countries in the world, ranking 2nd after Brazil in terms of water resources. Plastic causes huge damage to the river network of the country, that is why it is necessary to prevent the ingress of plastic into the river networks and as a consequence into the Oceans.
Plastic pollution of the oceans through rivers affects residents in both urban and rural areas. Rivers pollute the coastal territories of countries, thereby endangering the inhabitants of coastal zones, for example, medical plastic waste that enters the coastal zone is infected with serious diseases that can be transmitted by contact with people through water.
To sum up, plastic pollution affects residents of all ages, all nationalities, all genders who live in coastal areas, especially those people whose life is strongly associated with rivers and the ocean, such as fishermen, food producers, people working in the field of tourism, which suffers from the ongoing pollution of unique places.
In 2012, it was estimated that there was approximately 165 million tons of plastic pollution in the world's oceans. The Ocean Conservancy reported that China, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam dump more plastic in the sea than all other countries combined.
The majority of the litter near and in the ocean is made up of plastics and is a persistent pervasive source of marine pollution.According to Dr. Marcus Eriksen of The 5 Gyres Institute, there are 5.25 trillion particles of plastic pollution that weigh as much as 270,000 tons (2016). This plastic is taken by the ocean currents and accumulates in large vortexes known as ocean gyres. The majority of the gyres become pollution dumps filled with plastic.
Unfortunately, today there are no effective methods to combat plastic pollution, plastic manufacturers do not intend to reduce the pace of their production, so the damage caused to marine and river ecosystems is growing daily.
In addition, we would like to know the opinion of people who live near polluted river drains!
All large cities are located on the coastal zone or on large rivers. Large industrial complexes throw into the water about several thousand tons of all kinds of waste, including plastic garbage.
Plastic waste makes up whole clusters and spots in the waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans. Most of the debris is generated due to the discharge of waste from densely populated areas of the coast. Often marine animals swallow bags and small particles of plastic, confusing with food, which leads to their death.
Plastic has spread so much that it can already be found in Subpolar waters. Even small particles can change the natural ocean environment. During the calculations, about 90% of animals dying on the shore, die from plastic debris, which is mistaken for food.
In addition, the danger is the suspension, which is formed as a result of the decay of plastic materials.
We decided to consider the problem of plastic pollution of the Ob river because we need to localize our project that it can be implemented.
Human intervention in natural systems is rarely without negative consequences. Economic use of the Ob includes hydropower, fishing, water supply and shipping. Ob is of transport importance, especially in conditions of severe waterlogging and difficult accessibility of the region for movement. Ob is widely used for freight and passenger transportation. The transport importance of the rivers of the Ob basin has especially increased due to the opening of the Northern sea route.With the active development of Siberia and the construction of cities along the banks of the river began water pollution.
Our approach will help in cleaning rivers from plastic pollution, and therefore the ocean.
Now there are very few projects that aim to combat plastic pollution of the ocean through the cleaning of rivers, the main pollutants.
Therefore, our approach will be one of the unique projects that help in the fight against plastic pollution.
We fight not with the cause of plastic in water bodies, but with the consequences, in order to combat the original cause, it is necessary to prohibit or limit the utilization of plastic waste by industrial enterprises in water bodies. To do this, we do not have enough legislative power. Our goal is to reduce the negative anthropogenic pressure on water bodies and to prevent plastic waste from entering the ocean.
According to the theoretical calculations, we can conclude that our construction will allow to catch 5000 kg of plastic per day, which will reduce the anthropogenic impact on water river objects and increase the level of well-being of coastal residents, which will contribute to the implementation of the SDG 4 of sustainable development "Good health and well-being".
The Ob and the Ob basin are constantly under the close attention of social activists and environmentalists. The sources of the longest Russian river are in the Altai, and the mouth is in the Kara sea, which flows into the Arctic ocean. During the construction of the Novosibirsk Hydroelectric power station, a reservoir was formed, which was chosen by numerous tourists.
The coastline is 220 km long. Clean air, equipped recreation areas and picturesque views are attractive factors for a huge number of tourists who have long chosen these places. All this amazing beauty must be preserved for posterity and prevent its death.
Already today, dozens of different public organizations are making enormous efforts to stop the negative processes. However, these are one-time promotions, which are held changing times a year. Everyone struggles with plastic garbage-citizens, students, schoolchildren, members of the Department of natural resources, solid entrepreneurs. According to local residents, the problem of clogging create vacationers, industrial enterprises and transport.
So, the health of people and the well-being of aquatic fauna are depended on the implementation of our project.
High traffic congestion is a problem for the installation of U-shaped constructions, as transport companies will need to correct the routes, in addition to industrial enterprises will need to correct their movements in the area of installation of U-shaped constructions.
So, we think that the main problems during the implementation of the project may arise with financing and with industrial and transport companies. Rest on the Ob reservoir in recent years has become very popular with local residents and guests from neighboring regions. It is easy to reach the place of rest, the magnificent nature of these places even more disposes to excellent rest. However, along with the number of tourists, the amount of garbage that gets into the Ob increases, tourist bases and organizations clean only the banks, leave plastic garbage in the rivers.
So, in addition to setting traps it is necessary to work with tourist bases and tourists.
Who Has to Do What To Make It Happen?
First of all, we need to develop a work plan, then the experts need to get involved in the work in order to assess the positive aspects of the project and identify the shortcomings that we can eliminate. Next, engineers who have a u-shaped construction project should join the work. In addition, the project involves environmentalists who make recommendations on the fragmentation of aquatic ecosystems. During the implementation of the project, we need the support of the government of the country and regions in order to perform all actions in accordance with the laws of the Russian Federation.
Key partners to execute? Key partners to help others evaluate your value proposition?
Our plan is to establish communication with the main suppliers of plastic waste to water bodies - urban consumers.
Negotiations with them can be conducted in order to reach a compromise on the issue of river pollution, because they cause the greatest damage to aquatic ecosystems.
Moreover, close cooperation is needed both with government structures and with existing scientific and technological institutes to help us in the development and implementation of the project. A useful experience would be the consultation of scientists working in the field of environmental protection, as well as specialists directly researching methods for eliminating plastic from water bodies. To approve the development of our system, we are obliged to coordinate it with government agencies and then turn to specialists who will help bring such an ambitious project to life.
The problem of plastic pollution of water bodies is now more relevant than ever.
Between 1950–2018 up to 6.3 billion tons of various plastics were produced all over the world, of which about 9% were processed, burned - up to 12%, the rest are stored at landfills.
If nothing is done, the amount of unprocessed plastic will increase from 32 million tons in 2010 to 100–250 million in 2025. And by the middle of the century, humanity will generate 33 billion tons of plastic products per year - 110 times more than in 2015. As a result, the mass of plastic in the oceans will be greater than the entire remaining population of marine animals.
Marine organisms feed on chemicals from decomposed waste. They are eaten by fish and other marine animals, as a result of which plastic enters the food chain. Since some of them can cause cancer and other diseases, pollution is not only dangerous for marine animals, but also threatens millions of people who eat mainly fish and other seafood. Ocean pollution also negatively affects the development of marine tourism and areas where ocean-related activities are the main source of income.
We are responsible for our problem, and it is our responsibility to deal with the problem of plastic pollution.
We know the project Ocean Cleanup, which aims to clean the oceans from plastic debris. But more recently, the project has launched a new initiative that is applicable to the cleaning of rivers, the project has been successfully created and tested in the basins of Southeast Asia.
The second project that we know is a bubble barrier in Amsterdam, which aims to catch plastic in the canals of Amsterdam.
The development and implementation of our project will help local people to participate and contribute to the development of the region, so they will be provided with the jobs they need.
Our project is a youth initiative that is widely supported and sponsored by the government of the Russian Federation.
1. Engineers who will develop the device and installation technology of our design.
2. Ecologists, who will identify the installation sites of the structure, in order to properly fragment areas of aquatic ecosystems.
3. Specialists who will be engaged in widespread installation and maintenance of structures.
4. Specialists of state services of constrol.
We have developed a financing plan for our project: the Main part of the installation of structures will be allocated by the government of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of ecology and natural resources of the Russian Federation in the form of a grant for the development of a new project, besides further podreka will be implemented in the form of payment to regulatory authorities (surveillance operation). Moreover, it is planned to support the project from charitable environmental foundations and big business. We plan to receive the main cash flows in the form of grants for the development of startups.